Vik Muniz was born in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in 1961. He lives in the United States, in New York. Muniz's interest is directed especially at photographic reproduction of his own 3-dimensional works. In his works, however, the photograph is just the last link in a series of interlocking steps that connect technical reproducibility, manual skills, and collective memory. Chocolate, peanut butter, honey, sand, dust, tomato sauce, dirt, wire, and cotton wadding are the elements he has used to create the visual compositions later recaptured through an optical device. The end result is, therefore, a photograph of the work and not the work itself, which, in fact, has been destroyed. The materials he uses frequently offer an opportunity for reflection and social criticism, as in the Sugar Children series (1996), which condemns the exploitation of children who work harvesting sugar by reproducing their faces and their poses as they work, precisely by using various types and colors of sugar itself. Vik Muniz has exhibited his work in numerous American and European museums, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and the Centre National de la Photographie in Paris (1998), the Venice Biennale, the Museu de Arte Moderna in Rio de Janeiro, and the Whitney Museum of American Art (2001) as well as the Menil Collection in Houston (2002).