Thomas Schütte was born in Oldenburg, Germany, in 1954. He lives in Düsseldorf. After studying painting with Daniel Buren, Gerhard Richter, and Blinky Palermo, he moved toward the worlds of sculpture and of architecture. The theme of the artist's role in society permeates all his works. The ambivalence and falsehood of modern society (United Enemies, 1993-94) as well as its depravity (Efficiency Men, 2005) are depicted by Schütte in the iron and colored silicone sculptures that portray men with grotesque and caricatured faces, forced to stay together forever because they are tied together by lies or bent under the crushing weight of compromise. He has exhibited in numerous museums around the world: the Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven (1990); the Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg (1994); the Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart (1994); the Musee d'Art Contemporain, Nimes (1994); the Museu Serralves Porto (1998); the ARC, Paris 1990; the Whitechapel Art Gallery, London (1998); and the DIA Center for Contemporary Art, New York (1998-1999). In 2005, he was awarded the Golden Lion at the Venice Biennale. In addition to having been invited three times to Documenta in Kassel, he was awarded the Dusseldorf Prize in 2010, previously given to Bruce Nauman, Marlene Dumas, and Rosemarie Trockel.