daniel buren


(Boulogne-sur-Seine, France 1938. He lives and works in situ)

He studied at the Ecole des Métiers d’Art, and in 1996 was one of the founders of the group B.M.P.T. (together with Mosset, Parmentier, and Toroni), whose “action-exhibitions” condemned bourgeois values and the closed system of the art market. His works are based on an unvaried “visual instrument,” the alternance of vertical stripes of white with colored ones, of different materials but always of the same width: 8.6 cm. In the 1970s he abandoned painting in favor of unauthorized interventions in public spaces, and in the 1980s he created permanent public architectural installations like the famously controversial Les Deux Plateaux at Palais-Royal, in Paris. He subverts given models by multiplying the points of view, reversing the perspective, and interacting with the space. His works are created in situ, using different materials (paint, glass, paper, metal, and wood) combined to create complex wall or environmental structures, like the renowned Cabanes Eclatèes, where his concern with historical and cultural backgrounds combined with the work-space-audience relation offers a new critical approach. He was awarded the Golden Lion as best national representative in the 1986 Venice Biennale and in 2007 received the Praemium Imperiale for painting.


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